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Auteur Sujet: Les start-ups iraniennes  (Lu 766 fois)

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Hors ligne Parvaneh

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Les start-ups iraniennes
« le: juillet 28, 2017, 12:36:12 pm »
Le salon Elecomp tech donne de l'allant aux start-up iraniennes

En Iran, le salon Elecomp Tech permet aux start-up locales de gagner en visibilité. En raison des sanctions américaines, ces entreprises misent sur l'innovation.


Au salon Elecomp tech, des centaines de start-up iraniennes s'exposent. Le secteur "profite" des lourdes sanctions américaines toujours en place pour créer ses modèles locaux de vente et réservation en ligne. "Il y a des opportunités que les jeunes ont saisies dans le business des technologies, au moment des sanctions économiques", explique Naserali Saadat, organisateur du salon.

400 start-up présentes au salon en 2017

Il ajoute : "Par exemple, ils ont beaucoup de services comme ceux existants hors d'Iran. À cause des sanctions, ils ne pouvaient pas faire venir ces services en Iran. Donc ça apporte aux jeunes des opportunités de créer ces mêmes services, des services iraniens". Par exemple, une de ces entreprises révolutionne entièrement l'industrie hôtelière en automatisant le système des réservations. Il y a trois ans, 80 start-up participaient à ce salon. Aujourd'hui, elles sont plus de 400.


http://www.francetvinfo.fr/economie/emploi/carriere/entreprendre/creation-d-entreprise/le-salon-elecomp-tech-donne-de-l-allant-aux-start-up-iraniennes_2301035.html#xtor=CS2-765-%5Bfacebook%5D-
« Modifié: août 25, 2017, 09:21:57 am par Parvaneh »
"Affirmons notre fierté d'être Français (et je rajouterais Iraniens), car on ne bâtit rien sur l'auto-dénigrement"

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Re : Les start-ups iraniennes
« Réponse #1 le: août 25, 2017, 09:23:46 am »
Le Temps du 27 août 2017


L’Iran est en plein boom technologique, la preuve en cinq innovations

Un Uber à l’iranienne, des smartphones livrés dans la journée à Téhéran, la «plus grande librairie du monde», des architectures écologiques: loin du pétrole, les jeunes Iraniens avancent

Les sanctions ont eu du bon pour les entreprises iraniennes: elles ont eu la voie libre pour partir à l’assaut d’un immense marché intérieur de 80 millions de personnes, dont 70% de moins de 35 ans, éduquées, avides de reprendre leur place dans le monde et curieuses de consommer.


https://www.letemps.ch/economie/2017/08/24/liran-plein-boom-technologique-preuve-cinq-innovations?utm_source=facebook&utm_medium=share&utm_campaign=article

"Affirmons notre fierté d'être Français (et je rajouterais Iraniens), car on ne bâtit rien sur l'auto-dénigrement"

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Re : Les start-ups iraniennes
« Réponse #2 le: août 25, 2017, 11:19:43 am »
Coup dure pour les start-up présentent dans l'Apple Store en Iran !

Apple Again Removes Iran Applications from App Store
Financial Tribune - 20 août 2017

In an underhand move Apple Inc. has once again removed applications of several Iranian companies from the company’s iOS App Store.

The American company has removed applications of several online businesses including Delion (food delivery service), DigiKala (Amazon-like retailer), AloPeyk (parcel delivery service), Takhfifan (group buying website), and Alibaba (online travel agency).

In the early hours of August 19, CEOs of the several local businesses received an email from Apple, which reads as follows:

“We are unable to include your app on the App Store. Under the US sanctions regulations, the App Store cannot host, distribute, or do business with apps or developers connected to certain US embargoed countries.”

The statement further adds “This area of law is complex and constantly changing. If the existing restrictions shift, we encourage you to resubmit your app for inclusion on the App Store.”

Independent observers are of the strong opinion that Apple is randomly targeting Iranian startups and online applications.

Vice-Chair and Co-founder of Delion, Mahdi Taghizade told Financial Tribune “There is no pattern to Apple’s new move.

“While Delion and several other applications have been removed, hundreds of other Iranian apps are still available on App Store.”

Not all businesses received the written message from Apple. Deputy director of Digikala, Firooz Aghazadeh, told the Tribune that he received a phone call from the American firm.

Alopeyk, one of Iran’s leading parcel delivery services, received a similar message midnight on August 19. The company’s CEO and founder Mehdi Nayebi immediately contacted Apple. Again the US company refused to provide further details.

Nayebi said “When I inquired why only some Iranian apps have been targeted while hundreds (including some internationally known names) are still available on App Store, the Apple operator did not respond.”

This is not the first time that Apple has removed Iranian apps from App Store. None of the previous incidents were permanent and after a while the applications were again available on App Store a few days later.

In January, Apple began removing several applications from its store including DigiKala and the Shaparak payment system app. Prior to that in previous years most Iranian apps were blocked from being loaded on to the service. 

The random targeting of startups and developers have left Iranian application companies completely bemused.

Social media users on Twitter are also watching the strange and unacceptable ways of the American tech giant, with several other application developers fearing their hard work may be pulled off the iOS store without notice.

One user going by the handle IRC Feeds, messaged Apple directly, saying “Are you pulling apps from iOS store because they are based in Iran? A dev[eloper] I know in Iran is concerned.”

The latest move by Apple comes on the heels of a recent point made by President Hassan Rouhani and the US’ parvenu ambassador to the UN, Nikki Haley.

On August 16, Haley said Iran must be held responsible for "its missile launches, support for terrorism, disregard for human rights, and violations of UN Security Council resolutions."

Haley was responding to Hassan Rouhani, who said earlier on Tuesday that Iran could abandon its nuclear agreement with world powers "within hours" if the US imposes any more new sanctions.

https://financialtribune.com/articles/economy-sci-tech/70714/apple-again-removes-iran-applications-from-app-store

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Re : Les start-ups iraniennes
« Réponse #3 le: août 25, 2017, 11:49:30 am »
Ce n'est pas important. Les start-ups iraniennes se sont débrouillées sans et se débrouilleront toujours sans. C'est un plus.
"Affirmons notre fierté d'être Français (et je rajouterais Iraniens), car on ne bâtit rien sur l'auto-dénigrement"

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Re : Les start-ups iraniennes
« Réponse #4 le: août 25, 2017, 12:14:25 pm »
Etant donné le nombres d'iranien(ne)s ayant un Iphone ... à court terme c'est de tout de même assez embêtant pour le développement de leurs business.

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Re : Les start-ups iraniennes
« Réponse #5 le: août 25, 2017, 04:58:18 pm »
Apple, Citing U.S. Sanctions, Removes Popular Apps in Iran
New York Times - 24 août 2017

TEHRAN — Officially, Apple has no presence in Iran. Because of American sanctions against the country, the company’s iPhones are not legally available for sale here, and Apple does not offer a version of its App Store in the country.

That has not stopped Iranians from snapping up millions of iPhones smuggled in from places like Dubai and Hong Kong. Nor has it kept Iranian app developers from creating thousands of apps for local users and offering them through App Stores outside Iran.

Now, Apple is moving aggressively to shut down Iranian apps. The crackdown here follows the company’s recent removal of apps in China that allowed residents to evade censors and gain access to the global internet, and were deemed illegal by the Chinese government.

On Thursday, Apple removed Snapp, a ride-hailing app similar to Uber that is popular in Iran, from its app stores. That followed the removal in recent weeks of apps for food delivery, shopping and other services.

In a message to Iranian developers whose apps were affected by the ban, Apple said, “Under the U.S. sanctions regulations, the App Store cannot host, distribute or do business with apps or developers connected to certain U.S. embargoed countries.”

An Apple spokesman, Tom Neumayr, confirmed the message’s authenticity. He declined further comment.

Mahdi Taghizadeh, a founder of DelionFoods, an online food delivery service, said his app was among those taken down.

“We work so hard, and have to fight all the time, and now this,” he said in an interview. “No one with an iPhone can download any of the popular apps any more. Imagine if in the U.S. you wouldn’t be able to get Uber on your phone.”

Mr. Taghizadeh has protested the move online, starting a campaign on Twitter, #StopRemovingIranianApps, to press Apple to end the crackdown. (Although the Iranian government has blocked Twitter in the country, determined users find ways to reach it.)

Google, which allows Android developers to publish apps in Iran so long as they do not involve purchases, does not appear to have taken a similar action against Iranian apps in its Play store, and its formal Play guidelines allow apps to be distributed in the country.

In addition to blocking Twitter, the Iranian government has long blocked Facebook and Google’s YouTube service.

When it comes to technology, American sanctions against Iran over its nuclear weapons program are complicated. The Obama administration eased restrictions on American tech companies that offered internet services in Iran as a way of encouraging a free flow of information, especially among younger Iranians.

The Trump administration has modified the overall sanctions, and President Trump signed a new sanctions bill into law this month. It is unclear whether the administration meant to impose new restrictions on technology companies.

European countries lifted all sanctions against Iran after the 2016 nuclear agreement was reached.

Apple told Iranian developers in February to remove any payment options in their apps to prevent Iranian money from entering the United States in violation of the sanctions. Iran had developed its own internal online payment system, shaparak, in response to the sanctions. After the Apple notice, almost all Iranian apps, including Snapp, switched to shaparak, cash and other methods of payment.

“The full removal of Iranian apps by Apple means our work will be much more complicated,” said Mr. Taghizadeh. His company had started an online campaign to attract more customers, but has decided to halt those efforts for now. “What is the point when people can’t download your app?”

Iran’s new telecommunications minister, Mohammad Javad Azari Jahromi, complained on Twitter about Apple’s decision to remove the apps and said he was planning to pursue the issue.

Mr. Azari Jahromi wrote in Persian that “11 percent of the cellphone market in Iran belongs to Apple.” He added: “Respecting customer rights is a principle today that Apple hasn’t abided by. We will legally pursue the omission of apps.”

Mr. Azari Jahromi is Iran’s youngest minister. He hinted last week that Twitter and YouTube might be unblocked in the country, but he also said the decision was not his to make.

Twitter declined to comment, and YouTube had no immediate comment on the minister’s remarks.

Apple is not formally represented in Iran, because of the American trade restrictions. Samsung, one of its key competitors, opened a large sales center in the country in February.

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/08/24/technology/apple-iran.html?smid=tw-share
« Modifié: août 25, 2017, 05:27:39 pm par Florinda »

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Re : Les start-ups iraniennes
« Réponse #6 le: août 25, 2017, 05:27:13 pm »
OFAC Seemingly Against Apple’s Anti-Iran Bias
Financial Tribune - 25 août 2017

The Office of Foreign Assets Control, the US Treasury Department’s financial intelligence watchdog says Apple is not prohibited from hosting Iranian applications.

In an unscrupulous move on August 19 Apple Inc. removed applications of several Iranian companies from its iOS App Store. In response to an Iranian developer’s inquiry on the matter in an official email seen by Financial Tribune, OFAC wrote:

Despite the lifting of some secondary sanctions as a result of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), in general, the exportation by US persons of most items, technology, and services remains prohibited under the point 560.204 of the Iranian Transactions and Sanctions Regulations (ITSR).

However, the email further states, "Despite broad prohibitions, there are certain types of items and activities that US persons are authorized to engage in related to software and those categories of activities and items which can be found under the US Treasury’s General License D-1."

The Financial Tribune has gone through the document. According to the official literature, Apple is not prohibited from hosting Iranian software products on App Store.

OFAC’s email came in response to a request for information by Amir Zandi, a developer of food ordering app Dayan.

He told the Tribune that “Immediately after receiving a notice from Apple that Dayan has been removed from App Store, I contacted OFAC.”

While Apple’s move has disrupted businesses of several Iranian startups, Google, another American business, is hosting Iranian apps on its Google Play service.

The OFAC email also said that in case the Iranian developers do not succeed in convincing Apple to bring back their software products back to the App Store, they can apply for exemption from the US government.

More specifically it writes, "if the software you are proposing to export does not fall within the category of the items and/or activities any of the activities of any of the general licenses, the company would need to apply for a specific license to export the item.

Latest Developments

Since August 19, Apple has gradually removed most applications related to Iran from its iOS store.

The apps which initially were removed were Delion (food delivery service), DigiKala (retailer), AloPeyk (parcel delivery service), Takhfifan (group buying website), and Alibaba (online travel agency).

Over the Iranian weekend, several other applications have also been removed including Tap30, Snapp (two ride-hailing apps), Hamloo (parcel delivery service) and Reyhoon (food delivery service).


Divar, Netbarg and Aparat so far continue to be listed on the iOS application store.

CEOs of the businesses have received an email from Apple, which reads as follows:

“We are unable to include your app on the App Store. Under the US sanctions regulations, the App Store cannot host, distribute, or do business with apps or developers connected to certain US embargoed countries.”

The statement further adds “This area of law is complex and constantly changing. If the existing restrictions shift, we encourage you to resubmit your app for inclusion on the App Store.”

Now a VPN is Needed

Since August 24, Iranian users are not able to download any software program from App Store without using a VPN.

Official literature published by OFAC in 2012 (and in effect since then) reads:

“In order to further ensure that the sanctions on Iran do not have an unintended chilling effect on the ability of companies to provide personal communications tools to individuals in that country OFAC is providing illustrative guidance on the scope of the personal communications general license.”

Social Impact

The targeting of startups and developers have left Iranian application companies completely bemused.

Moreover, social media users have taken to Twitter condemning the move by Apple using the hashtag “Stop Removing Iranian Apps.”

Iran’s Telecoms Minister Mohammad Javad Azari Jahromi has censured the move by Apple saying “Apple iPhones have an 11% share of Iran’s smartphones market.”

According to estimates 6 million Iranians have an iPhone.

Jahromi said “Respecting consumer rights is a principle that Apple has disregarded,” adding “The ministry will exhaust all possible legal means to remove the problem.”

https://financialtribune.com/articles/economy-sci-tech/71046/ofac-seemingly-against-apple-s-anti-iran-bias-exclusive?utm_source=googleplus&utm_medium=post&utm_campaign=social

Hors ligne Parvaneh

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Re : Re : Les start-ups iraniennes
« Réponse #7 le: août 26, 2017, 01:53:54 pm »
Conclusion : il faudrait qu'une entreprise crée une smartphone pour ne plus dépendre d'une entreprise étrangère.


Etant donné le nombres d'iranien(ne)s ayant un Iphone ... à court terme c'est de tout de même assez embêtant pour le développement de leurs business.
"Affirmons notre fierté d'être Français (et je rajouterais Iraniens), car on ne bâtit rien sur l'auto-dénigrement"

Hors ligne Florinda

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Re : Les start-ups iraniennes
« Réponse #8 le: août 28, 2017, 04:05:48 pm »
Des entreprises qui construisent des smartphones, y'en a ...

L'enjeu est le système d'exploitation sur lesquels fonctionnent les applications, et là il y a 2 mega-leaders : Android et iOS !

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Re : Re : Les start-ups iraniennes
« Réponse #9 le: août 28, 2017, 04:44:04 pm »
Bon, il faut être motivé et essayer d'être autonome


Des entreprises qui construisent des smartphones, y'en a ...

L'enjeu est le système d'exploitation sur lesquels fonctionnent les applications, et là il y a 2 mega-leaders : Android et iOS !
"Affirmons notre fierté d'être Français (et je rajouterais Iraniens), car on ne bâtit rien sur l'auto-dénigrement"

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Re : Les start-ups iraniennes
« Réponse #10 le: août 28, 2017, 04:51:27 pm »
Persian Mafia in Silicon Valley is Getting More Powerful   :mdr:


Today marked another milestone for the Iranian-American tech community in Silicon Valley. Uber’s board of directors appointed Tehran-Born Dara Khosrowshahi as its new CEO after the controversies around its founder, Travis Kalanick. As Pejman Nozad eloquently puts, “The Persian Mafia in Tech gets $70B bigger!”.

Dara Khosrowshahi is not the only Iranian-American executive in tech. Many Iranian-Americans have founded, invested in, or reached the top ranks of some of the most prominent Silicon Valley companies. The close-knit community of Iranian-Americans and the high value of education in the Iranian culture and families is one of the reasons our community is getting more powerful day by day.

Let’s take look at some of the most prominent founders, funders, and executives in tech of Iranian heritage.
Dara Khosrowshahi: CEO of Uber. Ex-CEO of Expedia.

Ali & Hadi Partovi: Ali c0-founded LinkExchange and Hadi co-founded Tellme Networks. Both companies were acquired by Microsoft. The brothers are early investors in Facebook, Dropbox, AirBnB, Uber, Zappos, and many other startups. They then started Code.org, a non-profit organization which teaches computer science and coding to students.

Shervin Pishevar: Co-founder/executive chairman of Hyperloop One and co-founder/managing director of Sherpa Capital. Previously he was a managing director at Menlo Ventures where he led investments in Uber, and Warby Parker. Before that he founded WebOS.

Pierre Omidyar: Founder of eBay.

Pejman Nozad: co-founder and managing director of Pear Ventures which has invested in Dropbox, LendingClub, Gusto, Guardant Health, Philz Coffee, DoorDash, etc. Previously he invested in PayPal as part of Amidzad Ventures. He has an amazing (someone should literally make a Hollywood movie!) life-story, read it here.

Arash Ferdowsi: co-founder/CTO Dropbox

Omid Kordestani: Executive Chairman of Twitter and previously Chief Business Officer of Google
Bob Miner: co-founder of Oracle

Bobbi Yazdani: co-founder and managing director of Cota Capital and Signatures Capital where he has invested in Google, Dropbox, Uber, Bonobos, Bina, Salesforce, etc. Previously he founded Saba Software and took it IPO.

Saeed Amidi: Founder/CEO of Plug and Play Tech Center, one of the largest start-up incubators and super early stage investors in Silicon Valley.
Sean Rad: Founder of Tinder!

Lily Sarafan: CEO of Home Care Assistance (HCA) with 6,500+ employees and $200M+ in annual revenues

Ali Rowghani: CEO of YCombinator Continuity (YC’s $1B investment fund). Previously CFO of Pixar, and CFO then COO of Twitter.

Kamran Elahian: Chairman and co-founder of Global Catalyst Partners, an international multi-stage Venture Capital. Previously founded Cirrus Logic (took to IPO) and many other semiconductor companies.
Mohsen Moazami: Managing Director at Columbus Nova Technology Partners. Previously he was a VP at Cisco and before that, he founded Stanford Business Systems which was acquired by Kurt Salmon Associates.
Shane Tedjarati: President/CEO of Honeywell’s High Growth Regions (Asia, Africa, Middle East, and Eastern Europe). Honeywell ranks 73 in the Fortune 100 list.

Hossein Eslambolchi: former CEO of AT&T Labs, and former Global CTO of AT&T
Farhad Mohit: Serial entrepreneur, Founder/CEO at Flipagram, BizRate, Shopzilla where they were all acquired.

Darian Shirazi: Founder of Radius, a marketing platform for small businesses which has raised over $80M in venture capital

Farzad Nazem: ex-CTO of Yahoo! Now he and his wife, Noosheen Hashemi, manage the Hand Foundation and various other non-profit organizations.

Salar Kamangar: ex-CEO of YouTube and 7th employee to join Google

Shayan Zadeh & Alex Mehr: Founders of Zoosk, an online dating company with over $180M annual revenue.

Babak Pahlavan & Nima Asgharbeygi: Founders of CleverSense Acquired by Google and now executives at Google.

Narges Baniasadi: Founder/CEO of Bina Technologies, a bioinformatics company, which was acquired by Roche. Now she serves as a VP at Roche.

AmirAli Talasaz: Co-Founder/President at Guardant Health which recently raised $550M in venture capital for cancer detection using blood tests.

Nima Ghamsari: CEO at Blend, a mortgage lending technology platform, which has raised $160M in venture capital.


The list of successful Iranian-Americans in Silicon Valley is definitely much larger than the above and I have for sure missed some prominent names in this list. Also, I have not included some very prominent scientists like Dr. Firouz Naderi, Dr. Nader Engheta, etc. in this list.

What I am very excited about is the next generation of Iranian-American entrepreneurs and the rising stars.

To name a few I would list:

Saam Motamedi: Investor at Greylock Partners, previously founded Guru Labs.
Payam Banazadeh: Co-Founder/CEO at Capella Space, building space infrastructure, which has raised $12M
Ali Kashani,: Founder of Lux.io (AI in food company) acquired by PostMates and now an executive at PostMates.

Mehdi Samadi: Founder of Solvvy, an AI-based CRM company which was featured in WSJ, etc. and raised $4.5M.

Daniel Ahmadizadeh: A recent YCombinator backed company building a product for real estate agents which has raised over $3M in venture capital.

and the youngest one to join the club, the 15 years old!

Soroush Ghodsi: founder of Slik.ai (a lead generation company) who is the youngest founder ever to join Ycombinator!

I am happy to call many of these people my friends and mentors.


https://medium.com/@tahmaseb/persian-mafia-in-silicon-valley-is-getting-more-powerful-215b1a8ef309
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Re : Les start-ups iraniennes
« Réponse #11 le: septembre 04, 2017, 03:51:20 pm »
Iran’s telecom minister claims Apple’s ban on Iranian apps will help develop domestic technologies


Iran’s minister of telecommunication and information technology said on 27 August that Apple’s ban on the Iranian apps will result in the developments of domestic technologies.

Mohammad Javad Azari-Jahromi described recent decision of Apple Inc to remove Iranian apps from its store in alleged compliance with US economic sanctions as a testimony to Iran’s right path and success to develop local start-ups, Tasnim news agency reported, Xinhua reported.

Azari-Jahromi said when an arch enemy like the US places such embargoes on Iranian technologies, Iran should grow investment on domestic technologies.

What the US company did lately attest to Iran’s movement in the right direction, he said, adding that “the US never imposes sanctions on our weak points, but does on our strong points.”

On 25 August, the Iranian minister said his country would legally sue a recent decision by Apple for removing Iranian apps from its app store.

Apple holds 11 percent share of the Iranian cellphone market, however, it has not observed the Iranian consumer rights, said Azari-Jahromi.

“We will legally sue (the issue of) removing of the apps,” he said. Pursuant to the US sanctions, Apple has no official presence in Iran. Millions of Iranians use iPhones smuggled in from different countries and thousands of apps have been created for Iranians in Apple’s app store.

On 24 August, Apple removed Snapp, a ride-hailing app similar to Uber that is popular in Iran, from its app stores. That was followed by the removal in recent weeks of apps for food delivery, shopping and other services.

In a message to Iranian developers whose apps were affected by the ban, Apple said, “under the US sanctions regulations, the app store cannot host, distribute or do business with apps or developers connected to certain US embargoed countries.”

In January, Apple shut down a number of Iran-based iOS apps from the app store, including online e-commerce service Digikala.

“Since Apple takes a cut of all app store purchases, sales from Iranian apps generate revenue and are thus in violation of US law,” Apple said.

http://www.trackpersia.com/category/brunei/
"Affirmons notre fierté d'être Français (et je rajouterais Iraniens), car on ne bâtit rien sur l'auto-dénigrement"