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Auteur Sujet: Crise du Qatar : Iran gagnant  (Lu 161 fois)

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Crise du Qatar : Iran gagnant
« le: juillet 21, 2017, 01:14:33 pm »
'Rift in the Arab World': Iran 'Wins' From Qatar Diplomatic Crisis


The Gulf diplomatic crisis plays in the hands of Iran. Iran is using the current tensions in the Arab world to boost its political and economic influence in the Middle East, according to analyst Vladimir Sazhin.


The Qatari diplomatic crisis seems to have passed its highest point and is likely to enter the lukewarm phase. Recently, the foreign minister of the United Arab Emirates, Abdullah bin Zayed Al Nahyan, said that the rift will last for long and a political solution is not in sight.
In June, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Bahrain and the UAE broke off diplomatic relations and communications with Qatar, accusing it of supporting terrorism and interfering in their internal affairs. Kuwait acting as a mediator in the crisis, handed over to Doha a 13-point ultimatum, which Qatar refused to comply with.

Meanwhile, the Qatari foreign minister, Mohammed bin Abdulrahman Al-Thani, said Friday that the tiny Gulf nation is ready to hold talks with the four Arab nations if they "respect sovereignty and refrain from interfering in the country’s internal affairs and stick to international laws" in order to make a step towards settling the dispute.

However, the four countries do not seem to be ready for diplomacy. In turn, Qatar has been supported by non-Arab countries, including Iran, and is unlikely to bow to the demands of its Arab rivals.

Sputnik Persian sat down with Vladimir Sazhin, a senior research fellow at the Institute for Oriental Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, to discuss the situation around Qatar and the possible role of Iran in the ongoing Gulf crisis.

"The four Arab countries failed to break down Doha in a massive attack on all fronts. The tiny nation rejected the humiliating ultimatum proposed by his opponents. But it was no surprise. In 2015, the International Monetary Fund rated Qatar as the world’s richest country per capita," Sazhin said.
The expert pointed out that Qatar rejected the ultimatum thanks to the nation’s unique economic resources.


"It has gold reserves of 26.6 tons. Doha also has $40 billion in financial reserves and a state-run investment fund with $300 billion. Moreover, Doha has a stable budget surplus of $40 billion. Iran and Turkey also helped Qatar to break the blockade," Sazhin said.
The expert suggested that despite the fact that the current situation around Qatar is more or less stable, efforts to escalate tensions cannot be ruled out in the future, especially by Riyadh. However, there are several countries supporting Qatar, including the United States, France, Germany, Turkey, Russia and Iran, and their involvement will further contribute to the easing of tensions.

Commenting on Iran’s involvement in the Qatar dispute, Sazhin said that Tehran "won the battle for Qatar," which will result in the further expansion of Iran’s political and economic influence both in Qatar and across the region.

"Ties between Doha and Tehran are pragmatic. Qatar and Iran jointly control a large gas field in the Persian Gulf. Qatar’s share in its reserves is estimated at 900 trillion cubic feet. According to media reports, this gas field accounts for nearly 100 percent of Qatar’s gas production and over 70 percent of its export revenue. This is why Qatar often has to balance between Iran and the interests of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC)," the expert said.



LA SUTIE DE L'ARTICLE : https://sputniknews.com/politics/201707211055751333-qatar-crisis-iran/
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Re : Crise du Qatar : Iran gagnant
« Réponse #1 le: août 26, 2017, 02:01:47 pm »
vendredi 25 août 2017

par Anthony Bellanger


Ce matin, le Qatar joue la provocation...



Puisque Doha a décidé hier d'envoyer un ambassadeur à Téhéran. Cela faisait 20 mois que le pays avait rompu ses relations diplomatiques à cause de l'incendie de l'ambassade d'Arabie saoudite en Iran.

Pourquoi est-ce une vraie provocation ? Parce que les bonnes relations du Qatar et de l'Iran sont à l'origine du blocus imposé par 4 pays arabes depuis le 5 juin dernier.


Or, si Doha peut se permettre, 2 mois et demi après le début de ce blocus, de rétablir ses relations avec l'ennemi chiite iranien, c'est bien que ce blocus est un échec cuisant. Pire : Doha a, pour le moment, remporté la partie.

Il va falloir expliquer pourquoi et comment !

Dès le début, cette affaire était mal engagée. Le blocus n'a été soutenu que par 4 pays : l'Arabie saoudite, les Emirats arabes unis, Bahreïn et l'Egypte. Les clients des Saoudiens. Mais le Koweït et Oman, par exemple, ont refusé de suivre.

Ensuite, Les Etats-Unis ont certes tonné contre le Qatar mais pour aussitôt se raviser. Après tout, ils ont une énorme base militaire au Qatar. Ça c'est une vraie gifle pour les Saoudiens qui pensaient avoir Donald Trump dans la poche.

Enfin, le Qatar qui a pu mesurer quels étaient ses vrais amis : l'Iran, donc, ravi de voler au secours de son voisin si riche, si bon payeur, et surtout d'enfoncer un coin sans rien faire dans le camp sunnite.

La Turquie ensuite, qui a une base militaire au Qatar et qui en a profité pour promettre un millier de soldats et des produits frais. Le rêve d'Erdogan réalisé : avoir une garnison dans la péninsule arabique, comme à l'époque de l'Empire ottoman !

Mais ça ne suffit pas à tout expliquer …

Non, pour mesurer l'échec cuisant de la « bande des quatre », il faut des chiffres. Le Qatar est avant tout une bulle de gaz. Une énorme bulle de gaz, puisque le champ gazier qatari est le plus important au monde.

Or les exportations de gaz qatari n'ont pas diminué depuis le 5 juin. Mieux, elles ont augmenté de près de 8% en juillet par rapport à juillet 2016. Or, sur ce point le Qatar ne peut pas mentir, puisqu'il s'agit de livrer le marché mondial.

Enfin, il y a Neymar ! Pendant que l'Arabie saoudite dépensait des dizaines de milliards de dollars pour amadouer la Chine, l'Italie ; le Qatar, lui, n'a eu à allonger que quelques centaines de millions pour le même résultat.

Neymar serait donc un atout géopolitique ?

Pendant tout l'été on n'a parlé que de cela, aux 4 coins du monde. Et l'image du Qatar en est sortie grandie dans toute la footosphère, c'est à dire le monde entier.

Quant à l'Arabie saoudite, elle a même été contrainte de faire un geste de bonne volonté, histoire de ne pas passer pour le méchant du film. C'était il y a quelques jours : le roi Salman a permis aux Qataris de se rendre à la Mecque pour le Hajj.

L'Arabie saoudite qui rate toutes ses initiatives étrangères : en Syrie, son camp est en train de perdre face aux Russes et au régime de Bashar el Assad ; au Yémen, la guerre s'enlise et au Qatar, donc, le coup de poker est mal joué.


https://www.franceinter.fr/emissions/geopolitique/geopolitique-25-aout-2017
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Re : Crise du Qatar : Iran gagnant
« Réponse #2 le: août 27, 2017, 01:25:30 pm »
Saturday, August 26, 2017


Iran Exports to Qatar Up 60%


Iran exported 737,500 tons of non-oil goods worth $67.5 million to Qatar during the five months to August 22, registering 30.8% and 60.57% growth in terms of volume and the value respectively compared to the same period last year.

Islamic Republic of Iran Customs Administration’s daily trade data show significant growth in the value of exports to the neighboring Arab emirate since June when Saudi Arabia, the UAE, Bahrain and Egypt severed diplomatic ties and cut land, sea and air links with the tiny nation.

Iranian businesses, especially in the food sector have been striving to expand ties with the Qataris following the rift engineered by the regime in Saudi Arabia.

However, Iran is not the only country seeking a bigger footprint in the Qatari market. Qatar Chamber of Commerce recently announced that it has signed 15 trade agreements with Turkey. Turkey is said to be holding trilateral talks with Iran and Qatar to ease transit of goods via Iran.

Pakistan is in too, having launched a direct shipping line to Qatar, alongside Azarbaijan, which is also trying to build closer trade with the Persian Gulf Arab country.

The rush and convergence of several neighboring countries wanting to sell to the Qataris plus cumbersome domestic rules have raised concern among traders that Iran has failed to rise to the occasion.  Lack of a timely an efficient roadmap for boosting export and transportation links, banking limitations, and the low quality of domestic products are among the impediments to increasing exports to the Arab neighbor.

However, IRICA data show that about $24.6 million worth of goods, mostly food products, were exported to the country during the Iranian month to August 22. The figure was $20 million in the earlier month – a sign that Iran has not only not failed but is in fact gradually gaining a foothold in the small country.

Challenges

Following the Arab political crisis, a large number of Iranian traders started to ship food to the Persian Gulf state. However, Iranian goods did not have the necessary traction in that market as they were not made for being exported.

Back in July, the Trade Promotion Organization of Iran and representatives of the Iranian food industry held a meeting with Qatar Chamber of Commerce to discuss the expansion of ties.

After that the TPO said any business wanting to enter the Qatari market will have to acquire a permit from the organization, emphasizing that exports to Qatar must be of high quality, Sobhanonline.ir reported.

The TPO is also set to hold talks with organizations involved in the trade process to finalize an incentive package for exporters to Qatar.

Iran's Exclusive Food Exhibition will be held in Doha on September 10-13.

Lack of efficient shipping services between the two neighbors is another sticking point. Valfajr Shipping Line, affiliated to the Islamic Republic of Iran Shipping Lines has said it will launch a direct shipping route between Bushehr Port in the south and Doha.

Valfajr has not established the route yet, but a private shipper, Pasargad Lines, has launched a direct route from Bandar Abbas to the capital of the island state.

The governor of the Central Bank of Iran has suggested that negotiations are underway to link Iran and Qatar bank cards. No details have been released.

Qataris’ Interest

Qatar said on Wednesday it was returning its ambassador to Tehran, nearly 20 months after it downgraded relations with Iran in a show of solidarity with Saudi Arabia.

Doha also expressed its desire to forge Tehran relations in "all fields", in a statement published on the website of the Qatari Foreign Ministry.

It has recently facilitated business trips for Iranian businesses by issuing six-month visas.

Qatar’s Chamber of Commerce also expressed readiness to act as a bridge between Iranian businesses and their Qatari counterparts and help boost ties between the private sectors of the two countries.

Prospects

Arash Shahraini, a board member of Export Guarantee Fund of Iran, believes that Iran has the potential to become a reliable business partner for Qatar.

“But Iran first needs to come up with measures to secure a long-term presence in that country,” he told the Financial Tribune.

“Steel accounts for 5% of Qatar’s total imports . . . Iranian steelmakers in the southern provinces should focus on the Qatari market.”

He points to the low risk of trading with Qatar and says the EGFI (Iran’s state-owned export credit agency) is willing and able to cover exports to the neighbor.

About 207,000 tons of the total exports (worth $18 million) were sent to the neighboring country during the fourth month of Iranian year (ended July 23). Iran exported 97,000 tons of goods worth $3.9 million to Qatar during the same period last year.


https://financialtribune.com/articles/economy-domestic-economy/71107/iran-exports-to-qatar-up-60
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Re : Crise du Qatar : Iran gagnant
« Réponse #3 le: novembre 27, 2017, 09:12:41 am »
11/26/17

Iran says Qatar wants five-fold increase in trade

Source: Press TV

Iran says it had received a proposal from Qatar to increase the level of trade between the two countries by five folds. The announcement was made by Iran's Minister of Industry, Mines and Trade Mohammad Shariatmadari after a meeting with the visiting Qatari Economy Minister Ahmed bin Jassim al Thani.

Shariatmadari said the current level of annual trade between the two countries stood at below $1 billion, emphasizing that Doha had informed Tehran through al Thani about a proposal to increase this to as high as $5 billion per year.

The Iranian minister said Qatar was eager to expand ties with the Islamic Republic in all areas as a result of the current conditions that the Saudi-led blockade against it had created, according to a report by Iran's IRNA news agency.

Shariatmadari said Qatar possessed adequate infrastructures that could help Iran expand its economic ties with the international community.

He further said Iran and Qatar had been able to expand the level of their trade relations by 120 percent over the past months, expressing hope that this would increase further in the future.

Al Thani, for his part, said Iran had a crucial role over the shipments of goods from other countries including Turkey and Azerbaijan to Qatar since the Saudi-led blockade against Doha became effective.

He also expressed satisfaction over a rise in exports of Iranian products to Qatar particularly food items and construction materials over the past months.

Saudi Arabia and its allies including the UAE, Bahrain and Egypt severed ties with Qatar in early June over charges that it supports terrorism. They have accordingly imposed a land, sea and air blockade against Qatar thus leaving only a sea and air corridor open with Iran.

This created a rise in Iran's exports - particularly fruits and vegetables - to Qatar over the past months. Iran has also become a corridor for exports of other countries to the blockaded Persian Gulf state.






http://www.payvand.com/news/17/nov/1114.html
"Affirmons notre fierté d'être Français (et je rajouterais Iraniens), car on ne bâtit rien sur l'auto-dénigrement"